HIV & Children

How many children are living with HIV?

In 2018 there were :

440,000 children aged 0-4 years living with HIV;

510,000 children aged 5-9 years living with HIV;

& 530,000 children aged 10-14 living with HIV.

Overall approximately 1.6 million children aged 0-14 were living with HIV.

How many children were newly infected with HIV in 2018?

160,000 children were newly infected with HIV in 2018.

Almost half of the children becoming  infected with HIV in 2018 were in 6 countries:

Kenya, Mozambique, Nigeria, South Africa, Uganda and the United Republic of Tanzania.

There is more about HIV in South Africa.

How do children become infected with HIV?

Most children living with HIV are infected via mother to child transmission (MTCT) during pregnancy, childbirth or breastfeeding.

How many children are dying of AIDS?

Considerable progress has been made in preventing MTCT of HIV. But in 2017 91,000 children aged 0-9 years died of AIDS.

How many children were receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART) in 2018?

In 2018 approximately 937,000 aged 0-14 were receiving antiretroviral therapy. But this was just 54% of those requiring antiretroviral therapy. All 1.6 million children living with HIV should be provided with lifelong antiretroviral therapy.

What efforts are being made to prevent children from becoming infected with HIV?

In most countries national governments are attempting to prevent children being born with HIV, by offering mothers an HIV test when they first attend for antenatal care. Women can then be advised on the precautions they should take to prevent their baby being infected.


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